Forestry – the management of forest lands for wood, water, wildlife, forage, and recreation. Because the major economic importance of the forest lies in wood and wood products, forestry has been chiefly concerned with timber management, especially reforestation, maintenance of the extant forest stands at prime condition, and fire control. Silviculture is the name usually given to this manipulation of the forest for human purposes.
Conservation of Forests
Mutual relation exists between forests (trees), rainfall concentration, the amount of water in rivers and conservation of wild animals. Felling of forest trees (deforestation) decreases the rainfall in that area. Due to less rainfall, new trees will not germinate and grow, production of humus or fertile soil (topsoil) reduces drastically. Apart from this, soil becomes loose and gets eroded.
As the forest area decreases, the animals decrease in number.This is because:
They move out of their natural habitat
Do not reproduce in the absence of their natural habitat
Die due to absence (scarcity) of their favourite food plants and thirst
Die due to heat stroke
Preservation of Forests
Forests are of great value from their effect upon the climate, making it more equable. They tend to cause abundant and needed rainfall and to preserve the moisture when fallen, releasing it to the rivers gradually, and thus preventing abnormal freshets and extreme droughts. By absorbing and parting with heat slowly they cause the changes of temperature to be less sudden than in the open country. They temper the heat, and they serve as a protection, or ” windbreak,” to adjacent land. Trees, with other vegetation, are essential to the purification of the air. All this is in addition to the obvious uses of supplying fuel and wood for an almost endless variety of purposes, not to speak of the value of trees for shade and as features of the landscape.
Rainforest Conservation Facts
The beauty, majesty, and timelessness of a primary rainforest are indescribable. It is impossible to capture on film, to describe in words, or to explain to those who have never had the awe-inspiring experience of standing in the heart of a primary rainforest.
Rainforests have evolved over millions of years to turn into the incredibly complex environments they are today. Rainforests represent a store of living and breathing renewable natural resources that for eons, by virtue of their richness in both animal and plant species, have contributed a wealth of resources for the survival and well-being of humankind. These resources have included basic food supplies, clothing, shelter, fuel, spices, industrial raw materials, and medicine for all those who have lived in the majesty of the forest. However, the inner dynamics of a tropical rainforest is an intricate and fragile system. Everything is so interdependent that upsetting one part can lead to unknown damage or even destruction of the whole. Sadly, it has taken only a century of human intervention to destroy what nature designed to last forever.
Forest Trees Conservation
The development of all countries is the first priority of all governments of the world. Development has become such an important thing, that people have lost the wisdom of their responsibilities towards environment. Everyday number of trees disappears from the facade of earth to build industries or dwellings for us. But do we really need it? But by cutting a tree we take away the habitat of many organisms. Is it correct to build a home on a coffin? The place from where we cut the tree becomes the coffin of that particular tree and the organisms living in it. Think about it. By causing such disaster we are not only destroying the earth’s beauty but also leading the earth to death. Don’t you want your future generations to se earth and its beauty? If we can keep our house green and beautiful, why can’t we keep earth beautiful? Isn’t it our home? Don’t we live in it? According to me it’s our responsibility to keep it clean and green, so that it can sustain its beauty. The choice is yours, a beautiful sustainable world or a destructed untenable world.