11:32 am - Monday May 28, 2012

Hurricane Andrew

hurricanes-andrewHurricane Andrew was the third Category 5 hurricane to make landfall in the United States, after the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 and Hurricane Camille in 1969. Andrew was the first named storm and only major hurricane of the otherwise inactive 1992 Atlantic hurricane season. During Andrew’s duration it struck the northwestern Bahamas, southern Florida at Homestead (south of Miami), and southwest Louisiana around Morgan City in August. Andrew caused $26.5 billion in damage (1992 USD, $41.5 billion 2012 USD), with most of that damage cost in south Florida, which it struck at Category 5 strength; however, other sources estimated the total cost between $27 billion (1992 USD, $42.3 billion 2012 USD) and $34 billion (1992 USD, $47 billion 2012 USD). Its central pressure ranks as the fourth-lowest in U.S. landfall records. Andrew was the costliest Atlantic hurricane in U.S. history prior to Hurricane Katrina in 2005. It was also surpassed by Hurricane Ike in 2008.

Impact of Hurricane Andrew

In the Bahamas, Andrew produced hurricane force winds in North Eleuthera, New Providence, North Andros, Bimini, Berry Islands. It first struck Eleuthera, where it produced a high storm surge that was described as a “mighty wall of water”. One person drowned from the surge in Eleuthera, and two others died in nearby The Bluff. The hurricane also produced several tornadoes in the area. Further west, Andrew spared damage to the capital city of Nassau, but on the private island of Cat Cay, many wealthy homes sustained heavy damage. Much of the northwestern Bahamas received damage, with monetary damage estimated at $250 million (1992 USD, $391 million 2012 USD). A total of 800 houses were destroyed, leaving 1,700 people homeless. Additionally, the storm left severe damage to the sectors of transport, communications, water, sanitation, agriculture, and fishing. The hurricane caused four deaths in the country, of which three directly; the indirect fatality was due to a heart failure during the passage of the storm.

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