11:32 am - Monday May 28, 2012

Industrial Pollution

Industrial pollution is pollution which can be directly linked with industry, in contrast to other pollution sources. This form of pollution is one of the leading causes of pollution worldwide; in the United States, for example, the Environmental Protective Agency estimates that up to 50% of the nation’s pollution is caused by industry. Because of its size and scope, industrial pollution is a serious problem for the entire planet, especially in nations which are rapidly industrializing, like China.

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This form of pollution dates back to antiquity, but widespread industrial pollution accelerated rapidly in the 1800s, with the start of the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution mechanized means of production, allowing for a much greater volume of production, and generating a corresponding increase in pollution. The problem was compounded by the use of fuels like coal, which is notoriously unclean, and a poor understanding of the causes and consequences of pollution.

Causes of Industrial Pollution

The primary causes of industrial pollution are as follows
a) Prevalence of outdated- inefficient technologies that generate a large amount of waste
b) Large unplanned industrial conglomeration that have encroached upon and severely polluted their environs
c) The existence of large number of small scale industries that escape land use and some time even environmental regulations
d) Poor enforcement of Pollution control laws and
e) Lack of resources for implementing Pollution Control programmes

Effects of Industrial Pollution

Pollutants given off by various industries and factories are often considered to be one of the prime factors contributing to air, water and soil pollution. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), it has been estimated that industrial pollution is responsible for almost 50 percent of the pollution present in the United States. There are various wide-ranging effects, as well as serious consequences, of industrial pollution on the ecological balance of the atmosphere.
a) Global Warming
b) Air Pollution
c) Water Pollution
d) Soil Pollution

Solutions of Industrial Pollution

Cleaner production is one of the most promising win-win solutions to deal with industrial pollution. It involves a wide range of market-based practices from pollution prevention, environmental management systems, and waste minimization, to clean technology.

Cleaner production aims to use natural resources more efficiently, minimize waste, and reduce pollution and risks to human health. In practice, cleaner production modifies manufacturing processes to reduce inefficiencies to cut back on waste and discharge, leading to better product quality and cheaper products.

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