11:32 am - Monday May 28, 2012

Wildlife Conservation

Wildlife conservation is the science of analyzing and protecting the Earth’s biological diversity, which is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, or for the entire Earth. Biodiversity on the Earth today consists of many millions of distinct biological species. Wildlife conservation is the process of individuals and organization to protect and preserves these species through conservation education, preservation of habitat and management of fish and wildlife. There are many wildlife conservation societies and organizations that work tirelessly to save wild lands and wildlife through international conservation and education. These groups strive to change attitudes toward nature and to protect natural areas and wild populations of plants and animals, including endangered species. They also work to promote more efficient use of the Earth’s resources and energy to reduce pollution. Environmental preservation, mainly within the United States, is the strict setting aside of natural resources to prevent damage caused by contact with humans or by human activities, such as logging, mining, hunting and fishing. This differs somewhat from conservation in that conservation allows for some degree of industrial development, within sustainable limits. In other parts of the world, preservation and conservation are often used interchangeably.

Preservation of Wildlife

Nature has always helped mankind to flourish. But have we ever realized the fact that as humans what have we given to nature? Are we at all concerned about the nature that serves us so well? Does making necessary plans and implementing them in order to save the unique and endangered species existing in India mean something to us? Wake up before it is too late. It is the right time when we should join hands with the associations working for preserving wildlife in India.

Animals and birds are amongst the most beautiful creations god has ever created. These creatures adorn the nature through their extraordinary way of existence. Wildlife is an inseparable part of the natural treasure. But India is continuously losing this heritage because of deforestation and several other reasons too. Only a handful of wildlife enthusiasts are actually concerned with conserving endangered species through serious efforts.

In order to promote wildlife awareness in every nook and corner of the country, the Government of India has started some natural programmes and projects like Project Tiger to save the tigers from being extinct. It has till date been the most successful step that has led to the preservation of the tigers in India. Then there are jungle lodges and nature camps that have been established. These projects have been started not only to save the declining numbers of animals but to encourage eco-tourism as well.

Several national parks have taken steps to protect those species which are on the verge of extinction. For instance, the Gir National Parks is the one and only home to the existing Asiatic lions in India. Yet another remarkable instance is that of the Kaziranga Sanctuary is Assam that functions as a habitat of the endangered Rhinoceros. Then, Periyar in Kerala conserves the Wild Elephants.

Biodiversity And National Parks

The national park system avow some of the most vibrant ecosystems and biodiversity remaining in this country. Over sixty percent of the endangered species are present within our national parks. The habitat preserved within park boundaries affords many species an oasis of survival and some of the last bastions of intact ecosystems found today.

Yet the biodiversity found within our national parks is in jeopardy. From pollution to poaching, invasive species to habitat loss and fragmentation, these islands of life we call our national parks may not be enough to ensure the survival of those who call them home.

Wildlife Conservation Program

The North Cascades is one of the most magnificent wild ecosystems in the world. But all is not well in this wilderness paradise. Grizzly bears and wolves are present only in small numbers, nowhere near their natural population levels. Both species are essential for proper functioning of the North Cascades ecosystem. As demonstrated in Yellowstone Park, large predators control herbivore populations and smaller predator populations, ultimately impacting vegetation growth and other major ecosystem characteristics.

Grizzly bears are often portrayed by the media as vicious and highly unpredictable. In fact, they are very reclusive creatures that act aggressive toward humans only in specific situations, usually when they feel threatened by human actions. Grizzly bears in the North Cascades are omnivores, with about 10% of their diet as meat or fish, and much of that winter killed carrion. Research has indicated that suitable habitat and adequate food sources are present in the North Cascades for maintaining at least 400 grizzly bears.

Wolves are extremely intelligent animals with a complex and fascinating social structure. There have been only two documented incidents in North America of wild wolves involved in human fatalities. Wolf livestock kills are not nearly as common as thought. Wolves generally prey on ungulates, with elk being the preferred prey and deer a close second. Wolves usually prey on old or injured animals, thus helping to maintain the vigor of prey species.

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